Mustafa, 21, a day laborer from Sadr City, a Shiite slum in Baghdad, hopes a minibus will pull up and offer him a job. Mustafa (he would give only his first name) quit school at age 15 to support his disabled father, his mother, and his six younger siblings. He said the economy is so slow now that he sometimes earns the equivalent of only $60 per month. He sympathizes with youth who have participated in Arab Spring demonstrations throughout the Middle East: “I wish I could be with them. Our situation is exactly the same.”

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